1861 - 1941

Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, which was a new religious sect in nineteenth-century Bengal and which attempted a revival of the ultimate monistic basis of Hinduism as laid down in the Upanishads. He wrote successfully in many literary genres, and is particularly known as a poet, and published more than 50 volumes of poetry. Yeats championed Tagore since 1910, and assisted him with translations, and wrote the introduction to his poetry collection Gitanjali (Song Offerings) 1912. Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913.